Discussion 11: Can the existence of God be proven by reason

Question: Can the existence of God ever be proven by reason? Make sure you include Pascal’s argument, and state if you agree or disagree with Pascal and why.

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The existence of God can ever be proven by reason. Pascal used a two-by-two matrix to prove that God exists. In the Matrix, either God exists or does not exist. Either you believe or not. If you believe in God and God exists, you enjoy the infinite reward, which is eternal life. If you believe in God and God does not exist, you enjoy finite happiness before dying. If you do not believe in God and God exists, you experience infinite punishment. If you do not believe in God and God does not exist, you enjoy finite happiness. In addition, you miss the comforts of religion and experience angst.  For all the choices, the dominant choice is believing in God.

I agree with Pascal’s argument that regardless of whether God exists or not, the rational choice is believing in God. If believing in God results to the greater good than not believing in God, then it means that God exists. According to Pascal, regardless of whether God exists or not, believing in God is the dominant move, because it leads to infinite happiness. If believing in God regardless of whether God exists leads to infinite happiness, then it is sufficient to conclude that God exists. Pascal’s argument gives atheists an opportunity to believe in God without first proving that God exists. By believing in God, an atheist will experience infinite happiness, and later conclude that God exists. If an atheist refuses to change the stance, then he or she will experience eternal punishment. Also, using Thomas Aquinas’ reasoning, we can arrive at the conclusion that God exists. Thomas Aquinas states that for every effect, there is a cause. If there is an effect for every cause, then there is a first cause, who is God. This deductive reasoning implies that God exists.  Pascal’s argument on the existence of God compliments Thomas Aquinas’ argument on the nature of cause and effect. Therefore, using reason we can prove that God exists.

Furthermore, John uses reason and logic to prove that God exists. He writes, “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was at the beginning with God. All things were made through Him, and without Him, nothing was made that was made.” (John 1:1-3). In this statement, John uses reason to explain that God exists. Here, the “Word” refers to Jesus Christ who existed with God and through Him, everything was created. This means that God exists

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